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Art From Us MUSEUM GUIDE : Reina Sofia : Room 205

Today we arrive at Reina Sofia – Room 205 Surrealism & Revolution, for our weekly Museum Guide excursion, led by Divvya Nirula.

The Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia was inaugurated on 10th September 1992 by King Juan Carlos and Queen Sofia. Presented here are our top three must-see objects on view here. Next time you visit the museum, do not miss these!

1. Guanche Cave, 1935, by Óscar Domínguez
2. The Beautiful German Woman, 1934-1935, by Max Ernst
3. Face of the Great Masturbator, 1929, by Salvador Dali

Image credit for artworks : Museo del Prado

Some fun facts about the Museum :

  • One cannot speak about Modern Spanish art without mentioning Surrealism. And it is impossible to discuss Surrealism without talking about Salvador Dalí & Óscar Domínguez. This gallery, is dedicated to the works of these Spanish masters. Other artists featured here include Max Ernst, Rene Magritte and Man Ray.
  • The gallery focuses on the period around 1929, when the Second Surrealist manifesto was written and released. Artists at the time were preoccupied not just on changing the world of art, but changing the world – human society, politics, ethics etc. Dalí and Domínguez were at the forefront of this movement. The art they created was charged with these ideologies.
  • The period is also marked by the development of Dalí’s famous Paranoic-Critical method. In this method of creating art, Dalí would put himself in a state of self-induced paranoia. Subsequently, he would recreate his visions, dreams and hallucinations through paint and canvas. It is interesting to note that Dalí was an ardent admirer of Freud’s work.
  • A journey through the gallery reveals this and much more about the art and artists of the era.

A Final Thought :

It is particularly fascinating to have art meet psychoanalysis through the works of the Surrealists. Standing in front of a Dalí feels like taking a sneak peak into the artist’s brain.


Visit Art From Us Archive for Museum Guide collated by Divvya Nirula. Here you shall find more suggestions on where you should visit next. And what you should see there. 

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