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Art From Us MUSEUM GUIDE : The Metropolitan Museum of Art : Gallery 404

The MET : Gallery 404 : Kingdoms and Empires: The Ancient Near East

Art From Us, Museum Guide #602

Art From Us presents a must-see Museum Guide daily, where we showcase specific artworks in specific museums – from across the globe. Today, for Art From Us, Museum Guide #602 the spotlight is on the Metropolitan Museum of Art (the MET) NY’s Gallery 404. Showcasing a collection of Kingdoms and Empires: The Ancient Near East ca. 2000 B.C.–A.D. 200.

The three works in focus are :

  1. Beaker with Birds and Animals, ca. 4th century BC.
  2. Clasp with an Eagle and its Prey, ca. 1st – 2nd century AD.
  3. Head of a Female Figure, ca. 8th century BC.

The significance of the 3 works chosen for Art From Us, Museum Guide #602

Welcome to the Art From Us, Museum Guide #602. Let us continue of our discussion from Art From Us, Museum Guide #601. Today we will take a look at the Near East in relation to the rise of empires in this ancient region and its surrounding territories. Once again today, we present to you an excerpt from A History of the Ancient Near East ca. 3000-323 BC (2007) by Marc Van de Mieroop :

“Despite Assyria’s dominance in historical reconstructions, we have to keep in mind that a variety of states coexisted with it…These states included Babylonia in Mesopotamia, and Urartu, which developed in eastern Anatolia in the early first millennium. Elam in western Iran became a crucial actor in the eighth century only…In the Syro-Palestinian region and Anatolia, a large number of smaller states existed. Some were a continuation of those of the second millennium: the Phoenician harbor cities and the Neo-Hittite states. Others were entirely new: the Aramean states in Syria, and those of Israel, Judah, and their eastern neighbors. In Anatolia, Phrygians and Lydians created new political entities, while in the Zagros Mountains a set of peoples formed small states.”

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