Welcome to Art Movement in Focus! In this section, we explore significant art movements in history through a series of articles dedicated to each movement. Here’s looking at Fauvism.
Fauvism – An Introduction
The wonderful vibrancy of the artwork arrests the viewer. The artwork is reminiscent of something that has retained a sense of innocence and wonder and allows the expansion of the mind, to experiencing joy. We are talking about the art movement that formed the bedrock of many many modern art movements, Fauvism.
While during the early 19th century Impressionism was running its course through the artwork and was closely followed by Post Impressionism, there was another major art movement that was developing parallelly.
In 1900, Henri Matisse, a French artist had begun to go beyond the realms of what Post Impressionism had to offer and was breaking ground in a new style. It was through his association with André Derain, with whom he had attended school and along with Maurice de Vlaminck that they he started to create a very different language, He was in the process of redefining the visual vocabulary as it were.
Paint was a mode to express and colour was not bound to an emotion. The brush strokes became shorter and moved away from the traditional painterly applications; loosening study of light and form.
The bold expressive works when they were first formally exhibited in Paris in 1905, at the annual Salon d’Automne begot an immediate reaction from the art critic Louis Vauxcelles. Owing to the rawness of the works he called them ‘fauves’ (wild beasts). Unerringly, Louis Vauxcelles had heralded the new movement.
Separating color from its descriptive, representational purpose and allowing it to exist on the canvas independently, was one of Fauvism’s major contributions to modern art. That ‘Color’ worked independently to signify a mood, and establish itself within the work of art, was liberating.
Simply put, individual expression was valued by the Fauvists and the artist’s direct experience of his environment, overrode an academic theory.
OUR TOP 6 Fauvist Artists :
- Henri Matisse
- Andre Derain
- Henri Manguin
- Geroges Braque
- Raoul Dufy
- Albert Marquet
6 WORKS THAT DEFINE THE FAUVISM ART MOVEMENT :
It is a fact that all art movement inform each other, however the definitive works of this movement characterised by the happy ‘young’ short brush strokes are as follows. They display a definitive departure from previous movements that explored reality, its perception and its subsequent expression on canvas through art. There is a deliberate flattening of the canvas, calling attention back to the two-dimensional form.
Bords de Riviere
Etude Inversee Nu Sous Les Arbres Villa Demiere
The Great Trees, L’Estaque
The Wheat Field
The Louvre Embankment
For more such quick introductions and lists regarding Art History, visit Art Movement in Focus.